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Saaka, Akati Joseph

Constituency: Bole/Bamboi
Region: Northern Region
Party: NDC
Occupation/Profession: PR/Journalist/Advertiser/Marketer
Parliamentary Seat: majority

Date of Birth: November 17, 1950.
Bole, Northern Region
Highest Education: 
MBA (marketing) University of Miami, Florida, USA, 1986.
Last Employment:
Sales and Marketing Manager Dupaul Wood Treatment (Ghana) Company Limited,
Takoradi; MP (January, 2009 to date 2nd term).
Profession: Marketing
Marital Status: Married(with seven children)
Votes Obtained: 
14,642, votes out of the 23,198 valid votes cast = 63.12%.  Others: Sulemana Adams Achanso (NPP) 8,292=35.74%, Jaja Mohammed Dapaa (PPP) 138=0.59% and Roy George Ligbouli (NDP) 126=0.54%.



 Cultural Heritage And Customs

The district has a heterogeneous population. The major tribe is Gonja. Other tribal groups are Vagia, Brifor, Safalba, Mo, Dagaba, Grushie and the Pantras. Settlement creation in the district is largely on adhoc basis and usually near and around farms. It is also controlled in the scattered communities dotted all over the district.
Investment And Business Potential
The predominant economic activity in the constituency is agriculture. About 75% of the population engage in farming. The major crops cultivated include maize, yam, cassava, sorghum, beans, millet, groundnuts, cowpea, rice and vegetables. The tree crops grown are mango and cashew. Livestock raised include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs’ guinea fowls and chicken.
Small-scale agro-industries could also be set up to process cassava and extract groundnut. A major river, which flows through the constituency, is the Black Volta River where fishing is carried out. Some of the fishing communities along the Black Volta River are Bamboi, Saru, Nsunua, Babato, Kalba and Cache. There is a strong potential for the development of inland fishing.
The constituency has an agrarian economy which is indicative of the large quantity of agricultural products produced every year. With a favourable environment, suitable intervention measures can result in the area being a food basket of the region or nation as a whole. A wide variety of crops are cultivated such as maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, groundnuts etc 
Household incomes are quite low which has a constituency correlation with expenditure patterns of households. 
Marketing of agricultural produce is quite a problem since the markets are few, majority of the existing markets are also rather small in nature, however inter constituency trade with the neighbouring constituency such as the Sawla Tuna Kalba is quite encouraging.
Apart from agriculture practices other economic activities include fishing along the black volta river, mining especially the “Galamsey” , small scale industrial activities, banking, communication (mobile network) etc. 
Below are some of the SSI activities in the constituency
The promotion and development of small scale industrial  activities in the constituency constitutes a vital component of establishing synergetic relationship (strong link) between agriculture and industry.
The following groups of industrial activities can be found in the constituency.
NO.    TYPE                      INDUSTRY
1.    AGRO-BASED   Milling, Cassava processing, Distillery, Brewing,Fishing
2.    WOOD-BASED     Carpentry, Charcoal burning
3.    CLOTHING          Tailoring, Seam stressing (Dress making) 
4.    REPAIRS             Bicycle, Vehicle repairs and Vulcanizing
5.    SERVICE             Hair dressing, Chop bar, Food processing
6.    METAL-BASED      Blacksmithing 
7.    ART-BASED         Pottery, Basketry
There are a few small scale informal industrial activities going on in the constituency. These include sheabutter extraction, groundnut oil extraction, charcoal production, pito brewing, bread baking, blacksmithing and cassava processing. The constituency is endowed with some mineral deposits especially gold, which is found at Dakrupe, Sakpa, Bombire, Tinga and Sonyo. These deposits are available for exploitation.
Tourism Attractions
There are many places of historical importance in Bole constituency, which should prove most interesting to tourists. One of these is the mass grave at Jentilpe, located along the Tamale – Bole road, about three kilometers from Sawla. The mass grave called “Ntong” by the Gonjas came about during the Samoris invasions of the Gonjas in the latter part of the 18th Century.
A great carnage occurred when the Samori, a noted war lord in the Cote d’Ivoire, waged war against the Gonjas on behalf of the Kpong people. Most of the villages of the Gonjas were destroyed and the people killed.
The few Gonjas who were able to flee later came back and disposed of the dead in one grave, which is still worshiped by the Gonjas every year.
There are ancient remains of buildings at Nyarye, along the Tamale-Bole road. It is believed to have been built by the Europeans for the traditional rulers of the gonjas as courtyards. Cases were judged in this court and the appropriate punishment meted out culprits.
There are several sacred places in the district too, where shrines are worshiped by the spiritual leaders. Sonyor, about 16 kilometres away from Bole has a shrine called “Sonyor Kupo”.
The shrine is the supreme god among all the gods in the Bole traditional area, and is believed to heal the sick, make the poor rich and prevent calamities. A festival is celebrated annually and it is similar in concept to the “Aboa Kyir”, a festival of the people of Ewutu Senya, Winneba. It is patronized countrywide. The other two shrines at the villages of Manful and Mankuma perform the same functions.
It is believed that they can make the barren fertile. There is a mystic finger print on a stone at Kiape, which is believed to have been thrown by Jakpa during his wars of expedition.
Oral tradition has it that the stone was thrown at an animal and wonderfully enough, the finger prints of Nde-wura Jakpa remained on it. Three ancient mosques can be located at Bole, Maluwe and Banda Nkwanta. They were built during the 17th Century by the Sudanse.
A lot of hippopotamus can be seen along the river banks of the Black Volta, especially, at Nkereso and Nsunua. A lot of beautiful crafts can be found in Blema and Kalba along the Wa route. It is anticipated that these potentials will attract potential investors to the Bole constituency.
Tourism potentials
•    The Deng festival in Sonyo celebrated annually (May) – the Sonyor architechtural & lifestyle festival.
•    The Hippo Sanctuary in Ntereso
•    Mankuma royal mausoleum where the Kings of Gonja Kingdom are buried
•    Damba festival held six months after the Moslem fasting
•    Bui gorge located at the southern part of the district and
•    Historical Mosques at Bole, Maluwe and Banda Nkwanta
•    Kadeo festival held on the 26/27th day of the annual Ramadan fasting
•    The Bui National Park
•    The Seidublay festival held between April & May every year
•    Jentigi festival characterized by the remembrance of the ancestors
Location & Size:
The Bole constituency lies between Latitude 8 10’ 5 and 09’ and Longitude 1 50E and 2 45 W. The Bole constituency is located at the extreme western part of the Northern Region of Ghana.
The constituency is boarded to the North by Sawla/Tuna/Kalba District, to the west by the Republic of Ivory Coast, to the east by West Gonja District and to the south by Wenchi and Kintampo Districts of the Brong -Ahafo Region. The constituency stretches from Bodi in the north to Bamboi in the south.
The Bole constituency covers an area of about 4800 square km; out of the area of 70,384sq km of the Northern Region. It has an estimated population of about 75,151. (2000 Population Census) The population rate is about 3.6% per annum.
The population is sparse with a density of about 14 per a km. The consatituency Capital Bole is the biggest town in the constituency. Other major towns include Bamboi, Maluwe, Tinga, Tasilma, Mandari and Banda/Nkwanta. For the percentage land take of the constituency and the Northern Region in relation to Ghana (238,533sq km), they are 2.0% and 29.6% respectively. This means that the land take of the district is 6.8% of the total land mass of the Northern Region.
Climate & Vegetation
The vegetation of the constituency consists of savannah woodland, with trees such as sheanut, dawadawa, teak, kapok and mango - all economic trees. There are also tall grasses and shrubs, thorny species are also common. At a few places, flood plain, pond and clay, flat vegetations are found.
The natural vegetation in most parts of the constituency especially around the settlements has disappeared. What is seen today has resulted from the interference by man and animals through cultivation, grazing and exploitation for firewood.
Beyond the major settlements the grasses are periodically burnt down especially during the dry season to clear the land of much of the vegetation. Grazing by animals has contributed to keeping the vegetation down.
The rains begin around May and end in October. The rainfall is seasonal and is characterized by a single maximum. The mean annual rainfall is about 1.100mm. The average rainfall is very small. June, July and August generally record the heaviest rainfall and also the greatest number of raining days. The rainfall is characterized by thunderstorms and are somewhat erratic in nature.
 The vegetation of the constituency consists of savannah woodland, with trees such as sheanut, dawadawa, teak, kapok and mango - all economic trees. There are also tall grasses and shrubs, thorny species are also common. At a few places, flood plain, pond and clay, flat vegetations are found.
The natural vegetation in most parts of the constituency especially around the settlements has disappeared. What is seen today has resulted from the interference by man and animals through cultivation, grazing and exploitation for firewood.
The constituency experiences extremes of temperature. The daily and annual range of temperature is wide. The coldest nights in the year are experienced in the months of December, January and February.
During these months the air becomes dry and the atmosphere becomes hazy, making visibility impaired due to the fine dust in the air. The day temperatures at this period are between 28°C and 40°C but under cloudless skies the night can be very cold with temperatures under 28°C. This is the period of the harmathan. Sudden rise in temperature is experienced in the months of March, April and May when temperature exceed 30°C.
The nights are usually hot and people prefer to cook, eat and sleep outside. When the rains start the mean temperature begins to fall again. There is another period in the year when temperature rises again after the rains and there is a short hot season in November before the start of the harmathan.

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