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Woyongo, Owen Mark

Constituency: Navrongo Central
Region: Upper East Region
Party: NDC
Occupation/Profession: PR/Journalist/Advertiser/Marketer
Parliamentary Seat: majority

Date of Birth: June 9, 1946
Hometown: Navrongo, Upper East Region
Highest Education: Diploma in Journalism, GIJ 1973    
Profession: Journalist/Public Relations Practitioner
Last Employment: Minister Counsellor for information, Ghana High Commission, London, UK, 1994-2001; Deputy Director, Information Service Department, Accra, 2002-2006; Upper East Regional Minister, 2009-2013.    
Marital Status: Married (with two children)
Religion: Christianity (Catholic)
Votes Obtained: 17,907 votes out of the 33,686 valid votes cast = 53, 16%. Others: Joseph Kofi Adda (NPP) 15,443 = 45.84% and Crispin Awupuri Avanakwa (PPP) 336 = 1.00%

 GEOLOGY AND SOIL

The geology comprises granite and shale, althouth the rock formations are actually of a diverse nature.Two main types of soil are present within the constituency namely the Savannah ochrosols and groundwater laterite. The northern and eastern parts are covered by the Savannah ochrosols, while the rest  has groundwater laterite.
 
The Savannah ochrosols are porous, well drained, loamy, mildly acidic and interspersed with patches of black or dark-grey clay soils. This soil type is suitable for cultivation and hence accounts for the arable land sites including most parts of the Tono Irrigation Project sites where both wet and dry season farming activities are concentrated.
 
The groundwater laterites are developed mainly over shale and granite and covers approximately 60 per cent of  land area. Due to the underlying rock type (granite), they become waterlogged during the rainy season and dry out during the dry season, thus causing cemented layers of iron-stone (hard pan), which makes cultivation difficult.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
The topography is low-lying with an average height of 100 metres above sea level. The terrain is undulating with isolated hills dotting the landscape.
 
It is generally low-lying. The landscape is generally undulating with isolated hills rising up to about 300 metres in the western parts of the Municipality. Notably among these hills include Fie (280 metres), Busono (350 metres) and Zambao (360 metres).
 
The drainage system  is constituted mainly around the tributaries of the Sissili River – Asibelika, Afumbeli, Bukpegi and Beeyi. A tributary of the Asibelika River (Tono River) has been dammed to provide irrigation facilities, which is of great economic importance to the entire Municipality. There are some few dugouts and ponds, which are used for livestock, crop farming and domestic purposes.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
The Kassena-Nankana East lies within the Guinea Savannah woodlands.It falls approximately between latitude 11°10’ and 10°3’ North and longitude 10°1’ West. 
 
The constituency has a total land area of about 1,674 sq.km and stretches about 55km North-South and 53km East-West. It shares boundaries to the North with Burkina Faso, to the East with Bongo and Bolgatanga , West with the Builsa District and Sissala District (in the Upper West Region) and South with West Mamprusi District (in the Northern Region). It has a total of 216 communities.
 
TOURISM ATTRACTIONS
There are several very attractive physical and cultural landscapes worth developing into tourist centres. Already, One of Ghana’s most renowned attractions in Paga Crocodile Pond where tourists can mix with crocodiles and even feed them without danger. Other sites include the whistling rock at Chiana, Kayoro Kukula River and the captivating architectural forms at Sirigu and its surrounding settlements. 
 
There is also the slave market and the Navrongo Catholic Mission. Fetish groves constitute alternatives to the vast grasslands and the dry season “green” spots are around the dams and dug-outs. For any real break through to be achieved for the tourism industry . There is the need to develop infrastructures such as trails, footpaths, sitting areas, restaurants, rest houses and recreational grounds. 
 
There is also the need for expansion and qualitative improvements in the hotels and catering houses . These are attractive areas for any investor to sink his money into, considering the sheer attraction that Kassena–Nankana East holds for tourists. It abounds in tourism potentials including various sites, practices and other features of tourists’ interests. Potentials include the Paga Sacred Crocodile Ponds, Paga-Pios palace, Pikworo Slave Camps, Nania Gardens, Caves at Chiana, the Fao Festivals, Sacred Groves, Shrines, the Unique Catholic Cathedral Edifices, pottery projects, the village architecture in Sirigu and Kayoro Community-Based Eco-tourism Project etc. 
 
There are also rock sites of different forms which, combined with other elements, brightens up the eco-environment. Apart from the Paga Crocodile Pond and the Pikworo Slave Camps, which are in operation though not reaping its full economic potentials, the lots of the rest listed above are idling despite their potential attractions. Few informal groups including the Paga Eco-Tourism Committee, the American Peace Corps groups and some individuals are into tourism activities development, supporting the activities of the ill-equipped Tourist Board Management Team in the constituency. 
 
The inadequate number of hotels is compensated for with the availability of some modest Guest Houses which are conveniently located in the  capital. These include Mayaga Hotel. M & 3 Hospitality, Cedec Guest House/Bar, Tono Guest House and Restaurant Pierre Lodge and St. Lucion Guest House and Restaurant/Bar. In terms of Restaurants there are only a few good ones such as First and Last Bar and Restaurant, Peace and Love Restaurant, Perseverance Inn Bar and Restaurant, Cool Base Bar, Prisons View, Me and Jerry Enterprise, Speedlink restaurant, Paticence to All Bar, First & Last Drinking Bar and others where one can be served scrumptious African dishes, "soya"/grilled tilapia etc to go with their choice of drink. 
 
There are also countless drinking spots that serve the sweet traditional alcoholic beverage "Pito" and other modern alcoholic s and non alcoholic beverages. 
 
Recreational Facilities
There are a number of recreational centres in various communities which are self-initiated whiles some were also established by the Catholic Mission to serve as avenues for socialization. There are also a number of playing fields around e.g. Tennis Ball Court, Football field, Volley Ball Court etc. 
 
Tourism and Hospitality Services 
The land of Kassena Nankana East is privileged with interesting but undeveloped tourism sites. Lacks of the necessary infrastructure and capacity to promote and enhance these sites for economic development pose a challenge. This makes investment in this sector an important issue. 
 
 
TONO DAM: For cruising on the lake, Fishing and study of Farming system and practices of the people in the irrigated area water, sports etc. 
 
UNGU CAVES: Telling the history of the engagement between Butu and Gulu Bu, the relationship that was developed and the foundaing of Navrongo. 
 
BAGAO GUNGU: Present location of the  Assembly and a spot the general of Babatu the slave raider, Bagao were killed. The significance of the spot is both historical and political. 
 
GYARA TEO IN GIA: The spot where the Builsas lost the grounds in a battle with the Kassenas. KULNABA is a very important tourism site and has both religious and historical dimensions. 
 
THE OUR LADY OF SEVEN SORROWS BASILICA: The beautiful traditional building edifice built in 1920s 
 
INVESTMENTS AND BUSINESS POTENTIALS
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the constituency, employing nearly 68% of the population. The main occupations include farming on subsistence levels in crop production, livestock rearing and fishing. Other areas which offer employment opportunities to the populace include public service, retail/wholesale trade, food processing, textile and leather works, in that order of importance.
 
The main crops grown through irrigation are rice, maize, tomatoes, and millet, sorghum and soya beans. The dam serves as an important protein source with its supply of fish. To produce fish all year round, significant progress must be made in the development of fish ponds, handling and preservation of fish on a more sustainable basis, improvements in accessibility to marketing, processing and storage facilities.
 
The processing of food crops is also rudimentary, particularly in the rural areas. Millet, maize, sorghum and rice are pounded in mortars or milled on grinding stones. Oil is extracted from groundnuts and shea nuts using similar rudimentary methods. Technology used for farming  needs to be improved upon, having been dominated by the traditional hoe and cutlass.
 
The use of bullock ploughs is however quite widespread in the constituency. farmers have started to use tractors, the constituency is making efforts to improve upon productivity as well as the actual volume of activity in the agricultural sector and these efforts have been designed to fit in with the identified investment opportunities in the sector.
 
Fishing and fish farming are high on the agenda, especially in the area of using improved technology and preservation processing techniques. Also, there are lots of potentials in non-traditional crop production, which in turn, provides opportunities for agro-processing and export. The Assembly is working to unlock these potentials in harmony with private investment.
 
One strategy to be employed is the initiation of co-operative ventures to develop crops on commercial basis. The soil types, savannah onchrosol and ground water laterite, make the production of cereals such as maize, millet and rice; legumes like groundnuts, soya beans, cowpeas; and vegetables like tomatoes, okro, green leaves and pepper are very viable and lucrative.
 
Indeed, production of this wide variety of crops forms the basis for agro-processing industries to be established in the constituency. Here, small and medium size enterprises are already growing rapidly in areas such as groundnut oil and shea butter extraction, processing of dawadawa and pito brewing.
 
Beside the agricultural sector, other small and medium size industries that thrives include blacksmithing, cotton spinning, pottery and bricks moulding. The terrain of the assembly offers a perfect base for livestock production on a large-scale, which in turn, sets up opportunities for meat processing and food canning.
 
Beside this, the constituencies proximity to Burkina Faso offers the opportunity for lucrative marketing, trade and commerce between that country and Ghana on a more sustainable basis. There are also major investment potentials in the provision of housing.
 
Investing in the construction of low-cost prefabricated houses will be a scheme worth doing, considering the rate at which Bolgatanga is developing, because of the foreseeable future, workers would prefer to live in the more serene Navrongo and commute to work at Bolgatanga.
 
investment potentials
The constituency is fortunate to be blessed with numerous investment potentials embedded in its natural and man-made resources around. These immeasurable prospects exist in large-scale farming and agro-processing, small and medium scale industry development, Banking and financial services, tourism and the hospitality industry development and promotion, estate development etc.
 
Tono Irrigation
This is the second man-made dam in the country. This is an investment opportunity for both livestock production and large scale farming in the constituency. One the other hand as a tourism potential with a serene environment, it can be developed into a country side shore for relaxation as well as water sports, cruising on the lake, swimming etc.
 
Agro Processing
Tomatoes production and other vegetables and grains are most widely produced here and transported in their raw stage to other parts of the country for consumption. Large scale production and processing of these produce could add value to the produce and result in higher value hence generate appreciable income for the people aside meeting the market demand for them. The most common form of extractive activities in the constituency are sand and clay mining which are basically meant to satisfy domestic and other related informal needs such as building construction, pottery and other artifacts production.
 
Natural Resource Enrichment 
Clay Development
The constituency soil is known to have large deposits of clay that can be exploited for the development of burnt bricks and tiles for the construction houses, pottery making, ceramic/ porcelain objects and paint industries. This is a highly potential natural resource when tapped and developed would promote enough growth for the constituency and people.
 
Quarrying
The constituency has a lot of granitic rocks choice are found in the rock debris that can be developed into a quarrying factory for its extraction.  Shale and granite covers approximately 60 per cent of the  land area. Currently quarrying activities are carried out on a small scale by settlements who gather especially stones and sold to contractors. These rocks can easily be quarried for road and housing construction. Some of these rocks have fine crevices and   can   be shaped   into ornamental   and   design   blocks.   Its comparative advantage is the creation of employment for the people around and as well a boost in their income generation.
 
It is therefore imperative to note that a detailed mineralogical study is essential to ascertain the definite quantity and quality of the various rocks deposits in the constituency for industrial purposes and their development.
 
CULTURE HERITAGE CUSTOMS
 
Traditional Architecture
The traditional shelter for the Kassena Nankana East people is a compound of round and rectangular rooms, courtyards, and animal kraals for an extended family averaging about 30 people. The rooms are made from a mixture of mud, clay, and sand in the form of either damp balls or semi-dry blocks. These are built up in layers of -2 feet with a day or two of drying between each layer depending on weather conditions. These rooms are roofed with poles and thatch or with more of the clay mixture plastered on beams and poles. The roof is either flat, of the same mixture as the walls, or conical made of grass- They are typical for northern Ghana and are quite suitable for the climate in terms of protecting people from the elements. 
 
The houses have an open-side grass-roofed shelter outside the compound walls which is used for social activities. It is used as a gathering place for the family as a whole. Certain sub-sections of the family such as young mothers, children, older women, or men also make use of the shelter throughout the day. This is also the traditional place to receive visitors.
 
Traditonal Society and Culture 
Family Structures
Family structure is basically the same as in other groups in northern Ghana. It is patrilineal. A man by tradition in the constituency is allowed to marry as many women as his strength (financial, material etc) can contain.
 
Authority/Rule
Authority in the household is with the presiding elder. A group of related households make up a clan which also has a clan elder. Several clans may be grouped in a section with its elder who sits among the chiefs advisors. The sections make up a village, which has a chief as its authority. The Paramount chief of the Kassena Nankana East people are pio /naaba respectively.
 
There is a tendency then for Kassena Nankana East women to keep whatever personal wealth they may accrue in their own fathers house. Men live in their own family houses with elders from their fathers generation and "brothers" of their own generation and any sons and their families. Cases are sent upward through the authority structures. A case is expected to start at the lowest applicable authority and pass up only as necessary as far as the village chief. If it is still unresolved it may be reported to the Police and enter the national justice system.
 
Religion and Religious Activities
The  Municipality  is  characterized   by  various  religious  groups  with  the  traditional  religion  being  the dominant followed by Christianity and Islam. The religious organizations such as the Catholic Church   (majority)   Methodist Church, Presbyterian Church, Anglican Church, Pentecost Church, Assemblies of God, Fountain Gate Chapel and the Mohammedans  (Islam)  perform  some social   development  functions.     They organize various forms of crusades to win souls for Christ and also heal the sick. They also assist in the development of educational infrastructure  and other support programmes.
 
Festivals and Festival Calendar
By way of upholding the cultural heritage of the people, festivals are celebrated annually to showcase the rich culture of the people in the area. As a significant cultural practice in the constituency the Fao festival is the predominantly celebrated festival of the chiefs and people of the Navrongo Traditional area. The festival is celebrated to give thanks to the gods for a bumper harvest and ensure food security in the ensuing year. The festival is celebrated in December each year.

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