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Full Constituency Details


Region: Upper West Region
Member of Paliament: Abu, Samson


Location and Size
The constituency is one of the eight constituency that make up the Upper West Region. It lies in the north western corner of the Upper West Region in Ghana between Long. 2°25 W and 2°45W and Lat. 10°20 and 11°00. It is bounded to East and south by the Jirapa/Lambussie constituency and to the North and West by the Republic of Burkina Faso. The total area of the constituency is put at 1051.2 square km. This constitutes about 5.7% of the Region’s total land area, which is estimated at 18,476 square km.
Topography and Drainage
The constituency is gently rolling with a few hills ranging between 180 and 300M above sea level. It is drained by the main river – the Black Volta, to the west making a boundary between the constituency and the Republic of Burkina Faso. The Black Volta has several tributaries in the constituency notable amongst them are the Kamba/Dangbang, Nawer, Duodaa and Kokoligu-baa. These if utilized, could offer an agro-based employment for the youth who migrate to the south in search of non-existing jobs during the dry season.
Vegetation and Climate
The constituency lies within the Guinea Savannah Zone which is characterized by short grasses and few woody plants.  Common trees in the constituency consist of drought and fire resistant trees such as baobab, dawadawa, shea trees and acacia. The vegetation is very congenial for livestock production, which contributes significantly to household incomes in the constituency.The greatest influence on the vegetation is the prolonged dry season. During this period, the grass becomes dry and the subsequent bush burning leaves the area patched and mostly bare of vegetation. Consequently, the torrential early rains cause soil erosion. Bush burning reduces the vegetative cover adversely affects rainfall. Transpiration is reduced considerably and this affects average annual rainfall totals.
The climate of the constituency is tropical continental type with the mean annual temperature ranging between 27°C to 36°C. The period between February and April is the hottest. Between April and October, the Tropical Maritime air mass blows over the area which gives the only wet season in the year. The rainfall pattern leads to the migration of the youth, a factor associated with the underdevelopment of the human resource base of the constituency.From November to January the constituency experiences the harmattan - a cold but dry wind which comes with the North-East Trade winds blowing over the Sahara Desert. The Mean Annual Rainfall ranges between 1016mm and 1270mm and is concentrated in one season - April to October. The average number of rainy days is 77 with maximum occurrence in August and September. wood (the major source of energy), inappropriate farming practices, soil erosion, over grazing of livestock, sand, gravel and stone winning.
A number of measures have been taken to resuscitate the environment.These include sensitization of the people to improve on the environment. Since 2001 the Forest Services Division in collaboration with the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO), MOFA and the constituency have produced over 80,000 seedlings for supply to the forest reserves, communities, individuals and schools for planting and nurturing.About thirty-five comminutes in the constituency are practicing bush fire-free environment. Notable among them are Goziir and Kuselle in the Nandom Traditional Area and Tanchara, Kalsagr and Kunyukuo in the Lawra Traditional Area.
The constituency together with the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development has supplied sanitation tools to help improve sanitation and physical development plans are been drawn for the major towns in the constituency.The constituency is soliciting funds from Central Government, Donor Agencies and Non-Governmental Organizations to implement programmes that would lead to the improvement of the environment of the constituency during the Medium Term. Development problems affecting sound environmental management in the constituency include poor staffing, inadequate budgetary allocations, poor co-operation and ignorance by the public, inadequate sanitation facilities among others.
The rock formation in the constituency is essentially brimian with dotted outcrops of granite. The constituency mineral potential is largely unexplored. Some reconnaissance work indicates the presence of minor occurrences of manganese, Traces of gold and diamond, Iron ore and clayAs a result of a well- developed fracture pattern in the rocks, the potential for obtaining ground water in the constituency is very high. Borehole drilling activities in the early 1980s confirmed the presence of the granite and birimian rocks in the constituency.
The soil in the constituency consistmostly of laterite soils. These are developed from the birimian and granite rocks which underlie the area. There are also strips of alluvial soil along the flood plains of the Black Volta as well as sandy loams along some of its tributaries.The general nature of the soil, coupled with the traditional land use practices and type of rainfall, tend to have adverse effect on crop production.  This forced the youth to look for sustenance elsewhere at the expense of their lives or health.
The Lawra constituency has a total of about 3,152.2 hectares of forest reserves, however, the natural environment of the constituency has witnessed all kinds of degradation over the years to the extent that the vegetative cover has dwindled and soil have become poor. Widespread bushfires are annual rituals in almost all the communities. Indiscriminate felling of trees for fuel wood (the major source of energy), inappropriate farming practices, soil erosion, over grazing of livestock, sand, gravel and stone winning are other acts of environmental degradation in the constituency.
The built environment has not improved in terms of aesthetic features due to non-compliance with the provision of physical plan and increase in population. Sanitation infrastructure such as KVIPs is not adequate. Household sewerage disposal has become a problem in most of the communities.
Lawra constituency has several unique tourist attractions, which serve as prime destinations for tourists and opportunities for investors. The crocodile pond at Eremon, about 10 kilometres from the constituency capital, is one of the natural attractions of the constituency, with about 200 crocodiles. These reptiles are the totems of the people of Eremon who rare them.The crocodiles are generally harmless and come out of the pond during the dry season to visit homes for food. The constituency is looking for an investor to collaborate with to develop the pond into a first class attraction.
Another opportunity exists at the natural spring in Brifo, which flows all year round from a grove at the top of a hill. It is considered a sacred treasure endowed by nature to the Brifo Community.Brifo, the natural spring which flows all year round from a grove at the top of a hill has a great potential and can be developed into an attractive and exciting attraction due to its beautiful vegetation cover and spectacular landscape. The spring has the potential and be developed into an attractive and exciting attraction due to its spectacular landscape.Two annual festivals are celebrated by the people of the two traditional areas in the constituency - Lawra and Nandom. 
These are the Kobme and KakubeFestivals Lawra and Nandom respectively. The festivals are celebrated in acknowledgement of a bumper harvest and as a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the gods and ancestors.Kobine and Kakube are observed during the months of October and November respectively. Both festivals are characterized by drumming and dancing and merry makingThere are several other tourist sites that are of inmense interest to visitors to this part of the country. One is the Gothic stone church at Nandom, whose classic architecture is of historic significance. This cathedral is thought to be the largest stone built church in West Africa. Built in 1936, itaccommodates about 3,500 worshipers at a time. Another is the detention camp where Kwame Nkrumah was detained after the 1948 pre-independence riots. The detention camp is to be developed into a tourist attraction by the constituency.One of the former British Colonial Administrators residences in the Northern territories can be found at Lawra and is also being renovated as a historic tourist site. There are two slave centres once used by the notorious slave-raiders Samona and Babatu, located at Gegenkpe and Zimnopari, which are a must for students of history and for all interested in the emancipation of Africa. Also the Black Volta Basin in Lawra constituency provides a beach-like environment and atmosphere for relaxation. Swimming, boat-riding and bird watching can be developed asrecreational activites for tourists in this land-locked part of Ghana.

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