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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Sissala West

Region: Upper West Region
Member of Paliament: Sulemani, Amidu Amin

 AGRICULTURE

The agriculture sector is characterized by crop farming and livestock production. Despite efforts to promote the sector, production still remains at subsistence level, as there is no large plantation holding in the constituency. The agriculture sector employs about 90% of the labour force. The major food crops grown in the constituency are millet, sorghum (Guinea Corn), Maize, Cowpea and Yam. Cash crops such as cotton shea-nut and dawadawa are also found in the district. Cash crops, however, has received little attention due to market uncertainties. Economic trees such as shea, dawadawa and baobab also contribute substantially. 

Livestock Production
The vegetation of the constituency promotes animal rearing. However animal rearing is at subsistence level. The major animals reared are sheep, goats, pigs and cattle. From the table above, cattle is the major livestock raised in the constituency. The proximity of the constituency to Burkina Faso and the presence of fodder could be the responsible factors. Though this could be a source of livelihood, it also results in loss of soil fertility through overgrazing. On the other hand, the dominance of Muslims in the constituency explains the low level pigs production, though pigs reproduce faster than other livestock.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
 
The constituency is located in the North Eastern part of Ghana. It lies approximately between Longitude 213°W to 2.36°W and Latitude 10:00N 11:00N. It shares Boundaries with the Jirapa Lambussie constituency to the West, Sissala East constituency to the East and Burkina Faso to the North and Wa East constituency to the South.
 
The constituency sharing border with Burkina Faso will facilitate cross border socio-economic activities. However, this has its own implications for health and crime wave. It covers a total Land area of 4,11289km, which is about 25% of the total Landmass of the Upper West Region.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
 
The land forms of the constituency is low lying but gently undulating at altitudes ranging between 150m and 300m above sea level. However some parts average 600m above sea level. The main river that passes through the constituency is the kulpawn and its tributaries.
 
The relatively low lying nature of the constituency coupled with a number of streams imply that dams can be constructed along these rivers especially the major ones to supplement the water requirement of farmers especially during the dry season.
 
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
 
The types of rock that underlaid the constituency include the Birimanian granite and the basement complex. These rocks hold considerable amount of water, implying that boreholes and hand dug wells can easily be sunk to make water available for domestic and other purposes.
 
There are various kinds of soil in the constituency that support plant growth. The main types of soils in the constituency include the savanna ochrosols, the tropical brown earth and the terrace soil.The savanna ochrosols are generally poor in organic matter and nutrient.

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