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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Dormaa Central

Region: Brong Ahafo Region
Member of Paliament: Agyeman-Manu, Kwaku

 TOURISM ATTRACTIONS

The constituency is renowned for its historic and aesthetic importance which both local and foreign tourists would like to patronise. The three forest reserves provide a natural habitat for game and wildlife, especially elephants. The Municipal hosts a highly entertaining traditional festival, the Kwafie (yam) Festival, which is celebrated annually between November and December.
 
The festival features reconciliation rituals, purification of ancestral stools, the appeasing of ancestors of the area for goodwill and development, and lots of traditional drumming and dancing. The palace of the Dormaa Traditional Chief, Dormaahene, is the highest in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana and one of the highly respected paramountcies in the country.
 
 GEOLOGY AND SOIL
 
The rocks underlying the soils are of the Birimian formation, which covers more than three quarters of the closed forest zone. Economically, it is the most important geological formation in Ghana since it contains all the minerals exported from the country such as gold, diamond, bauxite and manganese.
 
Associated with the Birimian formation are extensive masses of, granite which occur in parallel belts.
 
Soils in the constituency belong to the Bekwai-Nzema Compound Associations. The Nkrankwanta Association dominates the south-western section of the constituency. The Nzema series, which are made up of quartz gravels and ironstone are moderately well-drained.
 
These soil types tend to support both industrial and food crops, which include cocoa, coffee, oil palm, citrus, cola-nuts, plantain, cassava and maize.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
 
Dormaa central constituency is located within the wet semi-equatorial climate region with a double maximal rainfall regime. The mean annual rainfall is between 125cm and 175cm. The first rainy season is from May to June; with the heaviest rainfall occurring in June while the second rainy season is from September to October.
 
The dry seasons are quite pronounced with the main season beginning around the latter part of November and ending in February. It is often accompanied by relative humidity of 75 – 80 percent during the two rainy seasons and 70 – 72 percent during the rest of the year. The highest mean temperature of the district is about 30ºC and occurs between March and April and the lowest about 26.1ºC in August.
 
The major vegetation types are the unused forest, broken forest, grassland and extensively cultivable forestland and forest reserves (Figure 4). The unused forest is located at the extreme northeast where it extends to Sunyani and Asutifi Districts. The forest reserves are Mpameso (197.67 square kilometres), Pamu-Berekum (116.80 square kilometres)) and Tain II (297.6 square kilometres).
 
The Mpameso forest reserve is located at the south of the constituency, Pamu-Berekum at the northwest and Tain II at the west of the constituency extending to Sunyani and Asutifi Districts. The major types of flora found in these forests range from shrubs and climbers to giant silk cotton trees. Timber species including Wawa (Tripolichiton Scleroxylon), Odum (Milicia excelsa), Sapele (Guthagrophrama) and Mahogany (Khaya invernesses) are found here.
 
The broken forest is located at the extreme southwest, where it extends to Juabeso-Bia District and la Cote D’lvoire. This type of vegetation is also found at the northern fringes of the Mpameso forest reserve. It is characterised by forest interspersed with grassland. The major plant types include elephant grass, shrubs and a few scattered trees with heights ranging between 15m and 28m high. The forest has been extensively cultivated leading to an invasion of grassland vegetation.
 
The extensively cultivable forest occupies the north, central, western and southern part of the district. The vegetation is dominated by elephant grass and a few short trees scattered all over the area.
 
As a result of the farming activities in the Municipality, these vegetation types are threatened and the forests, for instance, keep on changing to grassland.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE

The constituency’s topography is generally undulating and rises between 180 metres and 375 metres above sea level. The high range can be found near Asunsu in the north-western part of the district most of which is occupied by the Pamu-Berekum Forest Reserve.
 
The highest point is a little over 375 metres above sea level. The medium range rises gradually between 240 metres and 300 metres above sea level. Some of the towns found on this range are Dormaa Ahenkro, Gonokrom, Wamfie and Biaso.
 
This range stretches from the northwest to the northeast. The lowland range occupies the southern part of the constituency. Some of the towns in this area include Nkrankwanta, Diabakrom and Adiembra. The general height is between 180 metres and 240 metres above sea level.
 
The drainage pattern of Dormaa Municipal is basically dendritic and flows in the north-south direction. Most of the rivers have catchments areas within the district around the high range near Asunsu with only a few taking their sources from the Jaman and Berekum Districts (Figure 3).
 
The area is well drained as evidenced by the dense network of rivers spread out over the constituency. The rivers are mostly perennial due to the double maximal – rainfall, which is experienced in the constituency. Notable among them are the Bia, Nkasapim and Pamu rivers.
 
The palace has one of the most modern state mausoleums for its chiefs. People who visit the palace are orally taught the rich history of the Dormaa people and Akans of Ghana. The Ghana – Cote D’voire border demarcation at Kofibadukrom is a delightful tourist attraction.
 
Half of the town is administered by La Cote D’Ivoire, while the other half is under Ghana and so the people living in the community use both the Ghanaian Cedi and the Ivoiran CFA currencies and both English and French, in their daily transactions. At the same time, however, they have two different educational systems, market days, police stations and customs offices reflecting those of the two countries, a most unique and intriguing situation.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
 
The constituency is located at the Western part of the Brong Ahafo Region. It lies within longitudes 3o West and 3o 30’ West and latitudes 7o North and 7o 30’ North. (Figure1). Jaman and Berekum Municipal bound the district on the north, on the east by the Sunyani Municipal, in the South and southeast by Asunafo and Asutifi Districts respectively, in the southwest by Western Region and in the West and northwest by la Cote d’Ivoire (see Figure 2). The constituency Capital is Dormaa Ahenkro, located about 80 kilometres west of the regional capital, Sunyani.
 
The constituency has a total land area of 1,368 square kilometres, which is about 3.5 percent of the total land area of Brong Ahafo Region and about 0.6 percent of that of the country. It has 345 settlements, one traditional authority and two constituencies, namely: Dormaa East and Dormaa West.
 
ETNICITY AND RELIGION
 
The constituency is predominantly dominated by the Bonos who constitute 97%, Ahyis 1%, Northerners 1% and others 1%. The major language spoken in the constituency is Bono. The people in the constituency are mostly Christians accounting for about 84%. 
 
Moslems about 10%, Traditionalists taking about 2% and others 4%. constituency. This healthy co-existence augurs well for peace and stability within the Municipality which are essential ingredients for development.
 
Cultural:
 
The main festival of the people in the constituency is the Kwafie festival. This festival is celebrated once in every four years (i.e. in November). The recent one was celebrated in 2002.
 
RELIGIOUS GROUPS:
 
Christians: Catholics, Presbyterians, Methodists, Pentecost and Charismatics.
 
Muslims: Orthodox and Ahmadis
 
INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS POTENTIAL
 
Dormaa central constituency offers plenty of potential for foreign investors, ranging from agriculture and manufacturing through mining, quarrying and construction to forestry and tourism. Agriculture is the main economic activity in the district whose soil tends to support both food and cash crops. The main food crops that thrive well in Dormaa Municipality are maize, rice, cocoyam, cassava and plantain.
 
The constituency is capable of significantly increasing its supply of cassava chips, which is a major export food item. Other cash crops that are well-supported by the Municipality soil are cocoa, coffee, oil palm, citrus, cola and cashew. Private entrepreneurs can take advantage of the abundant availability of land in the constituency and produce these cash crops for export.
 
Already, there is a foundation for large-scale and small-scale industries in such areas as body cream manufacturing, carpentry, saw milling, soap-making, baking, cassava processing, palm oil extraction, tie-dye, fitting and general mechanical works, which exist in the constituency and so the existing skills acquired could be tapped and developed by any investor.
 
There are also several clay deposits in and around Dormaa Ahenkro, Amaasu and Wamfie, which can be exploited for the manufacture of burnt bricks. Low technology is still used in the production process, creating opportunities for investors with more efficient production process.
 
Investment can also be made in the production of roofing tiles in the constituency, another good opportunity for entrepreneurs. Indeed real estate development in the constituency is very lucrative and a local vocational training school, Dormaa Vocational Training Centre, turns out skilled artisans in the areas of masonry, plumbing, carpentry and electrical installation.
 
With forest reserves covering some 612.064 square kilometres, there is plenty of trees with high economic value for the lumber industry. These include Papao Asanfina, Odum, Ofram, Wawa, Emire, Mahogany, Utile, Edinam, Bonsamdua, Kokrodua, Kyenkyen and Hyedua. Only two small saw mills are in operatio, and so a lot of timber felled is exported outside the constituency.
 
The constituency is, therefore, highly interested in attracting investors willing to set up local saw mills. Also, investors interested in timber felling are needed, as long as they can produce proof of reforestation plans and other plans relating to the environment to guide and control their operations.
 
Chieftancy:
 
The Dormaa Traditional Area is headed by the Dormaaman Hene and assisted by Divisional Chiefs including, Aduanahene, Gyasehene, Ankobeahene, Dompimhene, Krontithene, (Mansehene), Kyidomhene, Benkum and Nifahene. 
 
Name of Paramount Chief: Oseadeayo Nana Agyemang Badu II. 
Name of Queen mother: Nana Akosua Fiema Juaben.
 
 

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