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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Amenfi West

Region: Western Region
Member of Paliament: Gyetuah, John

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
 

The current population of the Amenfi West constituency is projected at 186,257 at a growth rate of 3.2% per annum which is the region’s growth rate. According to the 2000 population and Housing census, the district’s population was 156,256. This was projected at 3.2% within a period of six (6) years which yielded the projected figure in 2006.

The constituency has a population density of 53.76 people per sq. km. The occupational characteristic of the population has not changed much. Agriculture employs about 75.6% of the active labour force whilst manufacturing and processing employs about 5.4%. This percentage is employed by the two large expatriate timber processing firms located at Manso Amenfi and Samreboi. The services sector employs 7.5% whilst commerce employs about 9.5% of the active labour force. The public sector takes the remaining 2% for workers on government payroll.

SPECIAL ANALYSIS
Two  main  hierarchies  of settlements  can  be  identified.   The  first  involves  two   major communities, Asankrangwa and Samreboi. They have higher concentration of facilities. These two communities have the highest population levels. Educational facilities are not evenly distributed in the constituency. Most communities have access to pre-school and basic school facilities. The southern part of the constituency is deprived of most of these facilities. The only secondary school is 1ocated in one of the two major communities,Asankrangwa.

The two hospitals in the constituency are located in the two major communities, Asankrangwa and Samreboi.  The  other health facilities like clinics and health centers  in the constituency are concentrated in the northern and western parts of the constituency.

SURFACE ACCESSIBILITY
The Amenfi West constituency has 883.6Km length of roads. Out of this figure only 40.0km has been tarred representing 4.5% of total length of roads in the constituency. The constituency is greatly handicapped by its poor road network and quality. The poor nature of the roads has adversely affected the delivery of services to the entire constituency and makes many of the residents prisoners in their own small communities.

CULTURAL HERITAGE AND CUSTOMS

The cultural practices and characteristics of the Amenfi West constituency are not different from other Akan settlements. Traditions have it that the people of the constituency are a mixture of migrants from Akwamu, Ashanti, Assin and the Ivory Coast. There is a sizeable proportion of settler farmers like Ewes, Akwapims, Krobos, Gomoans, Northerners and Brongs.

These settler tribes are often found in cocoa plantations and food crop farming on minor basis. The yam festival is celebrated to herald the harvest of the water yam. Like other Akan settlements, inheritance is through the materineal lineage whilst funerals, chieftaincy and marriage rites are purely of Akan origins. Every third Friday of the month is observed as taboo day and no one is supposed to go to farm. This is referred to as Adum. Like other Akan groups there are five (5) notable clans namely: Agona, Abrade, Asona, Bretuo and Ahene.

AGRICUTURAL SECTOR

Agriculture is the major economic activity in the constituency and employs about 85.5% of the people, most of whom are peasant farmers.The major food and cash crops produced in the constituency are plantain, cassava, cocoyam, rice, cocoa, coffee and oil palm.The constituency produces about 20% of the country’s cocoa, and production of rice and cassava is about 1.25 tonnes and 9.3 tonnes per hectare respectively.

There is land for the cultivation of both food and cash crops, especially on a large-scale basis. The Department of Agriculture and the Ghana Cocoa Board are spearheading efforts to modernise the techniques the peasant farmers use to produce food and cash crops and are helping them gain access to credit, acquire inputs and market their harvests.

The constituency Assembly has helped the Department of Agriculture to raise and improved hybrid seedling nursery at a cost of ¢5 million. With all these efforts, the district is poised to see food and cash crop production rise significantly in the next couple of years and the private sector has the opportunity to be part of these gains.

The constituency abounds in gold, having two gold belts, Wasa Akropong and Asankrangwa-Manso Nkwanta gold belts. There are six large-scale mining companies currently undertaking prospecting activists in the constituency, some of which have reached an advanced stage and are about to acquire permits to establish gold mines. There are also 40 licensed small scale mining groups,of which about 12 are active.

The Minerals Commission has a project centre at Asankrangwa, offering extension services to small scale mining groups and ensuring that their mode of operations are environmentally friendly and conform to mining regulations.Iron Ore (haematite) is found at both Opon Valley and Amoaman,while diamond is found at Sureso, but these minerals are,however, not properly investigated.

There are large deposits of sand in almost all the communities in the constituency.Clay deposits can be found around Adiembra and its environs and kaolin is found at Japa, Wasa Dadieso, Nsuopon and other nearby communities. Gravel deposits are found along the rivers and streams that drain the constituency.In all cases, the minerals are not properly explored and exploited.

Investors in the building and construction, pharmaceutical, ceramic and enamel industries could undertake prospecting activities to mine them as they have high economic values. Investors in the bamboo, cane and craft industry are assured of abundant bamboo in the constituency, which are underutilized. Indeed, the constituency is the biggest source of bamboo in Ghana.

To promote micro, small and medium -size enterprises in the constituency, the Assembly has given entrepreneur credit to expand their businesses under the Productivity improvement, Employment and income Generation Fund. The National Board for Small-Scale Industries also grants loans to such enterprises under the Business Assistance Fund. Rural banks also give credit facilities to such enterprises in the constituency.

LOCATION AND SIZE:

The Amenfi West as one of the constituency in the Western Region of Ghana is located between Latitude 400’N and 500 40’N and Longitudes 10 45’ W and 20 10’W. It Boundary to the north of the constituency is the Amenfi West, the south by the Ahanta West constituency, the West by the Nzema East constituency and the East by Wassa East constituency. The constituency has a total land area of 2354 sq. km.
 
TOPOGRAPHY & DRAINAGE

The topography is generally undulating with summit averaging 153 meters (500ft). There is a good network of rivers and streams. Notable are rivers Tano and Ankobra. The rivers could be a source of water for irrigation purposes especially for vegetable farmers in the dry season.

The volume of these rivers reduces considerably during the dry season. Most of the streams dry out completely in the dry season when they are needed. Thus, many enclaves in the constituency suffer acute water shortage during the dry season.

CLIMATE & VEGETATION

There are three main vegetational zones: semi deciduous forest, the south-west rainforest and the transitional forest, all of which are suitable for the cultivation of both food and cash crops. The forests of the constituency are part of the only surviving high forests of Ghana.


GEOLOGY & SOIL

The Amenfi West constituency is located on the Birimian rock system; it lies within the Kumasi Basin and partly within the Sefwi Gold belt, however major part of the constituency is positioned in the transitional zone of Sefwi and the Axim-Konongo gold belts.

The Asankrangwa-Manso-Nkwanta belt features as a prominent fault which has gold potential. The rock type also provides mineralization for Bauxite, Manganese, and Iron-ore deposits.

The Opon Mansi iron are deposit features as an economic asset for the costituency. It is currently being re-evaluated to provide economic exploitation for interested investors.

Alluvial gold deposits occur in the Tano River basin within the constituency,however the policy on SSM does not encourage gold dredging, due to the implied environmental concerns.

There are only few exploitation companies which are involved in some reconnaissance and prospecting operations to enhance the constituency’s gold mining potential, however, their activities are occasionally being hampered by intrusion on their concession by youth engaged in illegal gold mining within the valleys of certain streams.

Large enclaves of clay deposits are also available for exploitation by bricks and tiles industry.There is rich underground water that can be tapped for domestic and industrial uses.








 

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