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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Bongo

Region: Upper East Region
Member of Paliament: Abongo, Albert

CLIMATE AND VEGETATION

The vegetation consists of short deciduous trees often widely spaced and a ground flora composed of different species of grasses of varying heights. Very little of the vegetation exists in its original form.
 
The few indigenous tree species are mainly those of economic value and include baobab, shea and dawadawa trees. There is the Red Volta Forest Reserve, which supports wild life namely baboons, monkeys, rats, mice, grasscutters, rabbits, dwarf buffalo, antelopes and guinea fowls.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
The topography is generally flat or low lying with outcrops of granite and Birimian rocks. Areas occupied by granites are generally of low, gently rolling relief 90 to 300 metres above sea level. The soils are moderately well drained course textured soils, occupying larger parts of land on middle and upper slopes and less frequently on summits.
 
The soil are rich in phosphate. The constituency is drained by the Red Volta river and its main tributaries namely, the Ayedama and Kulumasa Rivers, which flow into the Red Volta. The area has one large dam at Vea, nine small dams and five dug-outs located in Bongo, Zokko, Balungu, Adaboya, Namoo and Soe.
 
TOURISM ATTRACTIONS
A lot of tourist sites abound in the constituency. They include the following:
 
The Vea Irrigation Dam.
Beautifully formed rocks such as Aposerga rock, Apaaspanga rock    and Azudoo rock all in Bongo township.        
Bat Sanctuary at Apuwongo.
Avea Maasa Crocodile Pond at Vea.
Beautiful handicraft products such as baskets, hats and mats.
Leather works and smock weaving at Feo and Namoo.
 
Sites of Interest
Bongo is endowed with significant sites of interest.  There are for example, the rocky hills called Apusariga and Azuruo.  These formed the defence wall of our ancestors.  Bongo area was once occupied by Busansis who were later driven away by the Mamprusis who later settled there.  Within the hills are many caves and crevices which gave much needed hideouts. At Asikuliga there is the grave of the first chief and founder of Bongo as well as the stone on which he sat to perform his duties.
 
The very first settlement area of the Mamprusi warriors is Abongin.  From here they organised and drove away the Busasis by the use of fire torches at night.  Today, this is celebrated annually as an ancestral fire festival known as ‘Azambene’. Another site of interest is Abeneba, a restricted shrine in Adaboya inhabited by a sacred tiger.  Here, all the enskined Bongo chiefs are washed and purified before entering Bongo.
 
BACKGROUND AND HISTORY
Bongo consrtituency lies in the northern tip of Ghanas Upper East Region, nine miles from Bolgatanga, the capital of the Upper East Region.  It shares boundaries with Burkina Faso in the north, Talensi Nabdam in the east, Kassena-Nankana in the west and Bolgatanga in the south.
 
The small town of Bongo and its environs are littered with rocks which occupy almost a third of the total land space. The rocks are sedimentary and have been there since creation; spectacular and breathtaking, one on top of the other. The name Bongo came about as a result of the discovery of a large but harmless python that patrolled the town at night.  It was believed to be a god of protection.  The word python in Mamprusi is bohugu and in Frafra bahine, interpreted by Europeans who had difficulty with pronunciation, as Bongo.
 
INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS POTENTIALS
 
There are several enticing and potentially lucrative investment potentials in Bongo constituency, especially in the agricultural sector. Agriculture is the main economic activity of the people in the Bongo constituency, accounting for 81.7% of the labour force.  The soil are rich in phosphate, enabling high productity levels to be attained in production of crops such as millet, sorghum, rice maize, groundnuts, cowpeas, Bambara beans and vegetables.
 
Vea is the site of a large irrigation dam in the Bongo constituency, covering a gross area of 850 hectares. Approximately 2000 small-scale farmers are eligible to farm in the project area. The main irrigated crops are tomatoes, onions, beans, paddy rice, groundnuts, sorghum and millet. The predominant agricultural technology in use involves cutlasses. The use of bullock ploughs is still widespread in the farms.
 
It is estimated that 1,200 bullocks are currently in use in the constituency. The use of tractors and ox-drawn ridges is gaining grounds. Food processing remains rudimentary particularly in the rural communities. Sorghum, millet, maize and rice are pounded in mortars or milled on grinding stones.
 
A better alternative is the use of corn-mills but these are very few in the district and are restricted to only a few communities. Again such equipment can be supplied by private investors, preferably on instalmental payment basis which would attract wide patronage. Oil extraction from groundnut and shea butter is also done through rudimentary methods.
 
However corn mills and a machine known as the “Grinder” are used for commercial oil extraction. Storage facilities are insufficient in the constituency, which means that post harvest losses constitute a major factor in less than optimal food supply levels. Farm produce continues to be stored in household barns, which provide very little protection against pets. Commercial storage facilities, installed by private investors, therefore have large and potentially lucrative prospects. Almost all households in the district keep one form of livestock or the other. The major livestock reared are cattle, sheep, goats, fowls and guinea fowls.
 
The terrain is good for livestock rearing and the skills required abound among the populace, creating a good arena for investors to establish relatively large commercial livestock rearing operations. Bongo constituency has no large scale manufacturing industries. There are, however, many small-scale manufacturing enterprises located in the constit5uency capital and the surrounding settlements. Manufacturing activities include shea butter production, weaning food manufacture, pito brewing, dawadawa manufacturing and leather works. These industries are able to draw on the abundant supply of raw materials locally, widespread expertise among the populace and the competitive advantages conferred by Bongo constituency relatively low cost operating environment.

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