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Full Constituency Details


Region: Brong Ahafo Region
Member of Paliament: Osei, Gabriel


Religious and Ethnic Composition
Christians dominate in the constituency with 71.6% of the population. Muslims constitute 16.07% whiles 8% are African Traditionalists and 4.26% are not belonging to any of the religious group.In the Christian domination, Catholics are the largest with 48.2% followed by Protestants (30.8) and Pentecostals/charismatic (21.0%).It was also revealed that wore females (69.35) are in the Christian faith than males (30, 7%).The reveres situation is true for Islamic Traditional religion and those with no religion. The constituency is quite heterogeneous with Banda ethnic group forming the majority.The other ethnic groups in the constituency are Kologo, Bono and Lugei.


Some of the tourist sites identified in the constituency include the following: Bui National Park, Proposed Dam Site for Hydro-electricity at Bui, Hippo Sanctuary at Bui near the Black Volta, Archeology site at Hani, An Ancient Cave Site at Begho (Nsesrekeseso), Twuntwu Chain Mountains, An Ancient Settlement at Minamanfo, Adawiaso (River Tain), An Ancient Site at Apayeso and Prego Ancient Remains.

There is the existence of Birrim Goldfieds in the constituency and they are into exploration of gold but no commercial quantities have been found yet. There are also quarrying sites which serve as potential for the constituency.


It is situated at the North West of Sunyani (Regional Capital). It lies within latitudes 7 ½ and 8.45° North and longitudes 2.52°West and 0.28° East. In terms of land area, Tain constituency covers 4,125 sq kilometers.

The constituency shared common boundaries with Wenchi Municipal to the East, Jaman North to the West, Sunyani Municipal to the South and Berekum Municipal to the South West. It is also bounded by the Bole District of the Northern Region to the North East and La Cote d’Ivoire to the North West.

Nsawkaw, the constituency capital is 18 miles from Wenchi, the capital of Wenchi Municipal which Tain was carved out.

The location of the big towns like Debibi, Brodi, Seikwa and Badu are far away from the constituency capital, Nsawkaw, and nearer Districts like Berekum, Sampa and Sunyani deprive the district of the needed revenue as the big towns in Tain District transact business with these near by constituency.


Generally, the constituency is well drained. The Black Volta marks the northern boundary of the constituency with the Northern Region. The tributary rivers which serve the communities in the constituency are Tain, Nyampanie while some of the streams dry up in the dry season, the major river flow throughout the year.

Ground water potential in the constituency is highly variable. Much depends on the nature of the underlying rock formations and rainfall. The present combination of the lack of water storage in the wet season, heavy run-off, high evaporation and low infiltration rates to charge aquifers in some areas contribute to water deficiencies hampering human settlement and increased agricultural production.


The Tain constituency spans the moist-semi-deciduous forest and the Guinea Savannah woodland vegetation zones. The Guinea Savannah woodland represents an eco-climatic zone which has evolved in response to climatic and edaphic limiting factors and has been modified substantially human activity.

The original forest vegetation has been subjected to degradation, caused mainly by the indiscriminate bush fires, slash and burn agriculture, logging and felling of trees for fuel over the years.

The cumulative effect is that secondary vegetation occurs in cultivated areas. Timber species like Odum, Sapele, Wawa and Mahogany are found in places such as Dorbor and Bungase.

In the semi-derived savanna areas, there are the absence f large economic trees as a result of logging, charcoal burning and mechanized farming.

The grooves show that with protection, forest in the area can be productive because the soils in the sacred groves appear more fertile compared to soils lying a few metres away which have been laid bare by intensive cultivation and other unsustainable uses.

In the grooves, wildlife like deer and antelope are found there. Other forest reserves are Sawsaw, Yaya and Bawa watershed are found in the constituency. The combination of the vegetation zones – guinea savannah, transitional zone and the forest permit the cultivation of a variety of crops – cereal, tubers and vegetables and even animal rearing.

The prevailing climatic conditions in the constituency constitute important parameters for development. Climate for example, has some influence on the quality and quantity of land cover. Similarly, rainfall and available moisture content are vital factors for existing potential resources use in the constituency.

The temperature in the Tain constituency is generally high averaging about 24.5°C (779°F) throughout the year (Benneh and Dickson, 1970). Average maximum temperature is 30.9°C and minimum of 21.2There is therefore ground water in Tain and Volta.


Geologically, the district is underlaid mostly by the Birimanian formation. The area falls under lower Birimanian which consists of such metamorphosed sediments as phyillite and schist.

There are also granite and grano-diorite in the south east and western parts of the district. The greatest proportion of the district falls under savanna ochrosol with some lithoso. The land is generally low lying and most of the soils are sandy loam and in the valleys loamy soils exist.

The soils are fairly rich in nutrients and are suitable for the cultivation of crops such as maize, yams and cassava. The main types of soils in the district are shown in the figure below. There are clay deposits for bricks and the soil supports the cultivation of transitional and forest crops like cashew.

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