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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Ajumako-Enyan-Esiam

Region: Central Region
Member of Paliament: Forson, Ato Baah Cassie

CULTURAL HERITAGE AND CUSTOMS

Festivals

There are five paramouncies in the constituency. These are Ajumako, Denkyira, Essiam, Enyan Abaasa and Enyan Maim.The main cultural festival is the Akwambo that is celebrated yearly between the months of August and September. Durbars of chiefs and the people are organised to raise funds for community initiated development programmes. Emigrant natives come home and participate actively in these festivals.

Ethnicity
Ethnically, the  constituency is pre-dominantly made up of three  Fante-speaking  groups;  the Ajumakos, the Enyans and the Bremans. But there are also pockets of other ethnic groups such as the Gomoas, the Agonas, the Ekumfis, the Assins and the Etsiis.
 
Traditional Set-up
Socio-politically, there are five traditional paramouncies in the constituency namely, Enyan Abaaasa, Enyan Denkyira, Essiam, Baa, Enyanmaim, and Ajumako. The Enyan speaking Fantes form the greatest proportion of the population and have three of the paramouncies at Enyan Abaasa, Enyan Denkyira and Enyan-Maim.
 
INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS POTENTIALS
 
The Potential Analysis
Potentials are latent resources in the constituency,which are capable of promoting development in the constituency when tapped and used efficiently. The constituency resource potentials were categorized into natural, human, institutional and infrastructure potentials.
The economy of the Ajumako-Enyan-Essiam constituency depends largely on agriculture, a few small-scale agro-based industries, trade and commerce, and to some extent, on its natural resources. Agriculture is the mainstay of the people, with 80 to 90% of the populace depending on it directly or indirectly. The cultivable land area is about 74,400 hectares and about half of it is actually under cultivation.
 
Basically, two forms of land tenure systems are practised in the constituency – the family land holding, which is favoured for cultivation of seasonal crops and the ‘abusa’ system employed generally for the long term cultivation of perennial crops.
 
Abusa means dividing the farm produce or crops into three parts with the one cultivating the land taking two parts and the landowner taking a third. Average farm size is rather small and ranges between 0.0324 and 0.0608 hectares. The main food crops grown are cassava, maize, plantain, yam and cocoyam.
 
In Enyan-Maim zone, vegetables are also grown extensively, while in the recent past, different types of beans and cow-peas have been introduced in the Ba zone. It is estimated that, average yield per hectare for maize is 637 kg, cocoyam, 445 kg, and plantain, 5.7 tons. Cash crops, mostly perennials such as cocoa, citrus and oil palm, are cultivated extensively in the constituency.
 
Cocoa cultivation is done mostly in the Sunkwa, Breman Essiam, Enyan Denyira and the Bisease zones. The cultivation of oil palm and citrus is done extensively and plays a significant role in the area and the cultivation of these crops is rising steadily.
There are few commercial production activities, such as poultry, cattle or piggery farms. While output has been on the rise since 1992, the environment is ripe for enhancement of investment in this area. Industrial activity is restricted to agro-processing, which is done on large, medium and small-scale basis.
 
The Nkwantanum West Africa Fruit and Food Processing Company used to be the major large-scale processing unit. Private capital is welcome to reactivate it since it holds great potential if recapitalised, retooled, and operated in a properly efficient manner.
 
Medium scale processing is carried out by edible processing activities at Owane, Essaman, Ochiso and Kromain, while Ochiso also hosts local soap making. The successes recorded by these firms is an indication that, the presence of abundant raw materials and cheap labour provides an enabling environment for such activities to be carried out with heavy profit margins.
 
Being a forest area, timber is available in the constituency in large commercial quantities. Typical among these are the export types, including odum, wawa, emire and kyere. The forest is also the main source of fuelwood, which is the main energy source of households in the constituency.
 
The Ajumako-Enyan-Essiam constituency is also rich in minerals, although the sheer volume is not yet fully known since a complete geo-physical evaluation has not been done yet. So far, however, mica, kaolin and gold have been identified as being present in the constituency in commercial quantities.
 
Mica is available over an approximate 13 kilometre area from Ampia-Ajumako stretching to the west. Kaolin is also found behind Ochi, over another 13 kilometre stretch between Ampia-Ajumako and Kwanyarko. There is gold at Nkwanase in the Enyan-Maim zone. Finally, there is a stone quarry at Bedukrom in the Sunkwa zone.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
 
It is rural and covers an estimated land area of 541.3 square kilometres which is 5% of the Central Regional land area. Assin district forms the boundary on the West, the South by Mfantsiman district, on the north-west by Asikuma and to the east by Gomoa district.
 
There are nine area councils in Ajumako; they are Baa, Ajumako, Bisease, Mando, Abaasa, Breman Essiam, Denkyira, Etsii Sonkwaa and Enyan-Mam
 
Ajumako is the constituency capital and is about 40 kilometres Northeast or the Cape Coast Municipality. Akans predominantly inhabit AEE constituency. There are however few migrant Ewes, Gas, Krobos and people from the northern sector of Ghana.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
 
The constituency lies within the dissected plateau region of Ghana, and its topography is undulating. There is dense drainage through several key rivers. Flooding is frequent on the land bordering Narkwa towards the borders with Gomoa.
 
The topography is undulating and the elevation ranges between 50 and 150 metres above mean sea level. The prominent highland is a ridge located in the north-western corner of the district and rises to about 180 metres above sea level.
 
The constituency is characterized by dense drainage with the key rivers, Amissah and Narkwa named after where they enter the sea although both rivers, are locally called Ochi. Flooding is frequent on the lands bordering Narkwa towards the borders with Gomoa.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
 
Ghana has three vegetational zones, savannah in the north, semi-deciduous, rain forest in the middle belt and a narrow strip of low lying coastal plains in the South East. AEE is about 60 Kilometres off the coast of the Gulf Guinea and the forest vegetation is tropical and semi-deciduos.The constituency has vast stretches of secondary forest interlaced with farmlands.
 
The forest vegetation contains a number of economic species such as wawa (Triiplochiton scieroxylon), ofram (terminalia suprba), emire (Terminolic ivorensis) and mahogany(Khaya sp.) etc. Onyina (ceiba pentandra) is ubiquitous, whilst groves of bamboo are usually encountered in valley bottoms where moisture stress is minimal.
 
But vast areas are fast declining to grassland as a result of the traditional methods of farming, the indiscriminate felling of trees and the absence of systematic re-afforestation programmes. This phenomenon accounts also for the reduction in soil fertility.
 
The climate is of the moist semi-equatorial type. The mean monthly temperature ranges from 26°C in the coolest month of August to about 30oC in hottest months March-April. The important single climatic element is rainfall, with double maxima. The two peaks occur in May-June, and September-October. Mean annual rainfall is between 120-150mm, most of which fall in the early months of the rainy season, March-April. December to February is the driest period.
 
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
 
The soil texture varies from zone to zone within the dconstituency and is mostly clayey in some parts, sandy in others and loamy in the rest.This has significant implications for the major farming patterns of the constituency.
 
TOURISM ATTRACTIONS
 
There are few significant natural and built environment of economic or tourist interest. These are indicated  below
 
Tourism Potential and Location
Wood carving and Bamboo Beads, Kokoben, Onwane, Enyan-Miam and Bisease.
Akwambo FestivitiesAll the 5 Paramountcis - Ajumako, Abaasa, Denkyira, Enyan-Maim and Breman Essiam
The Great Waterfalls, Ofabir Akotogua
The Crocodile Dam and Beautiful Sandy Flatland along Okyi River
The three-headed Palm Tree, Enyan Abaasa
The Sacred Bell with unknown inscriptions Breman Essiam
 

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