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Full Constituency Details

Nkwanta South

Region: Volta Region
Member of Paliament: Gbediame, Kofi Bediako Gershon


Investors coming into Nkwanta south constituency would have the best opportunities by investing within the growth patterns being experienced within the constituency.

This means farm supply, stores, drug supply and other inputs are profitable for private enterprise. Crop production, particularly in export-led sheanuts, can also be lucrative, several other crops that can be sold locally and abroad, such as cassava, yam, maize, groundnuts and rice. There is a rising market for agricultural implements such as hand-held tools, which stand to be exploited by producers of such equipment.

Cassava chips are exported from the constituency to Germany and this has significantly expanded the market for cassava.

The construction industry is already in position to provide lucrative business for investors in the areas of sand winning and gravel quarrying. The pottery clay in the Chaiso area can also be procured and processed cheaply in the constituency. Industrial production has strong potential in making agricultural equipment such as cassava graters, water tanks and various land tools, using scrap iron and imported metal sheets.


Tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy. It is the third after Gold and Cocoa in terms of foreign exchange earnings. Tourism in the constituency is gradually picking up and needs a boost both from the government and the private sector. Nkwanta constituency possesses a wide range of natural attractive features - both developed and potential. These attractions include the climate, the Kyabobo Range National Park, Mountains, Waterfalls, Wildlife and other natural features.

The Kyabobo Park is particularly, noted for foot safaris. Two "breast-mountains" viewed from the Nkwanta township is a welcome signal to the Park. These mountains have been developed for mountaineers. On top of these mountains, a panoramic view of the underlying plains, villages and the Volta Lake offer the climbers a unique impression of the natural beauty of the park and other parts of Ghana. There are also in the Park, camping sites to suit the taste of lovers of nature and eco-tourism.

Labounu Waterfall:
This is a perennial waterfall situated in the Kyabobo Park. This scenic waterfall is over 30 metres high. A visit to this waterfall from Nkwanta Township could take a whole day. The task involved in this trip could be a physical exercise to visitors. In all the walks, the accompanying singing of birds shrills of monkeys and cries of animals and the forest canopy give the tourist a wonderful sense of satisfaction.

Shaire is a village situated a few kilometers east of Nkwanta. This village is the paramount seat of the Akyode people and is affectionately called the "hanging village" as a result of its architectural design. The houses are virtually built into the mountain making them look as though they are hanging. The houses are in a sort of layers. This is one town that tourists would not miss. It is worth noting that Shiare could be reached on foot. Vehicles cannot reach Shiare because of the mountainous nature of the village.

Traditional Festivals:
There are a number of traditional festivals that are organized throughout the constituency. These festivals offer special interest to both foreigners and indigenous tourists. Often associated with these festivals are durbars of chiefs who sit in colorful palanquins and accompanied by a retinue of drummers, horn blowers and singers. The active festivals in the constituency include the Gyogyible festival. This is celebration by the Atwodes in October/November each year to thank the gods for good harvest.

Another important festival which is celebrated in the constituency is the Gidifon festival, celebrated in August/September each year by the Adeles. The Malade festival is celebrated by the Challas in March/April every year to thank their ancestors for bumper guinean corn harvest. Also peculiar to the Challa people is the Gussum festival, which is celebrated once every ten years to enshrine young men into the Challa Jargon fetish.

Traditional Dance And Music:
Traditional dance and music are basic attractions that abound in the constituency. The constituency has various kinds of dance forms. The Atwodes have dance forms like the Gegyemboe. This is a traditional war dance, performed to signify the strength of the Atwodes. The Gebleha is also another form of dance performed by old women and men during funerals. The Ogyege is performed in the constituency is common to all the tribes.
Adeles also have a number of dance forms, notable among them are the Atrikpi a kind of dance performed when somebody dies suddenly. Kaale is another form performed to commemorate the departure of their ancestors from their ancestral home. Cebelikpe, Adyelegbe, Gatanmgba, Genanacha, Kpatrikpe and Gazo are all dance forms performed by the Adeles. It is worth to note that all these dance forms can be performed for tourists on request. The Challas (Bagons) also have Gakpo, Surru, Gakpamde, Bende-kande among other traditional dance forms.

Areas of development of tourism in the constituency include
• Provision of hotel accommodation of international standard.
• Development of safari lodges and camps in the Kyabobo National  Park.
• Development of efficient tourist services along tourist routes e.g. restaurants, car rentals etc.
• Development of recreational tourism infrastructure e.g. water sports, river rafting and adventure tourism activities.
• Tarring of the Kadjebi-Nkwanta road.
• Maintaining a satisfactory environmental sanitation in areas and settlements with tourist attractions.
• Maintaining a peaceful and friendly atmosphere that is devoid of ethnic conflict.
• Provision of utility services such as reliable piped water, health care, telecommunication etc.


It is located in the northern - most part of the Region. It lies between latitudes 7 30° and 8 45° North and longitude 0 10° and 0 45° East. The constituency is bounded to the North by the Nanumba District of the Northern Region, to the South by the Kadjebi District, to the East by the Republic of Togo and to the West by the newly created Krachi East District. Nkwanta District was carved out of Kete Krachi District in 1989. The constituency is the largest in the Volta Region in terms of land area. covering a total land area of 4530 sq kms., which represents about 22.02 % of the totals land area of the Volta Region,which is about 20570 sq. kms.  


Nkwanka south constituency is drained by several rivers and streams. The main rivers include part of the Oti River, which covers about 1% of the surface area of the constituency. Other rivers are the Kpassa, Sabu, Bonakye and Chai Rivers. These rivers take their source from the Buem - Togo Ranges on the eastern border of the constituency and in flow southwesterly direction into the Oti River. The several tributaries of these rivers and streams serve as both domestic water and water for animals (cattle, pigs, sheep, goats etc.) to the majority of the population. Most of these streams almost invariably dry up during the long dry season.


Generally, Nkwanta south constituency is characterized by a tropical climate with dry and humid weather conditions. The rainfall repine experienced in the constituency is the double maxima type, that is from April to July and September to October. The average number of rain days in 86 with extreme annual rainfalls ranging between 922mm to 1874 mm. The dry season is from November to March, during this time the evapotranspiration exceeds water availability at the earth’s surface.

The mean annual maximum temperatures range between 24°° to 390C (76°^ to 103°^), while the mean annual minimum temperatures are between 11oc to 260C (520F to 79°^). January to April are the hottest months while December has the lowest temperatures. Temperatures at the constituency are high throughout the year for plant growth. However, availability of water is crucial for agriculture during the long dry season of November to March.

The constituency is covered by three vegetation zones. These are the semi-deciduous forest zones,found mainly on the eastern border of the constituency. This accounts for about 30% of the vegetative cover. The second zone is the savanna woodland, which extends from the north-eastern part of the constituency southwards to the zone of the semi-deciduous forest. This accounts for about 50% of the vegetative cover. The final zone is the grassland savanna extending eastwards from the Volta Lake and its Oti arm. It takes about 20% of the vegetative cover of the constituency. The most common timber species in the constituency include Odum, Wawa, and Kyenkyen. Due to logging, farming and cutting of fuel wood and charcoal production, the original vegetative cover has been reduced to secondary forests. It is also worth noting that bush burning is rampant during the long dry season. There are two reserves in the constituency. These are the Kyabobobo reserve and the Chai River reserve.


The constituency is underlain by the Voltarian, the Buem Volcanic formation and the Togo series. The Voltarian, which is mainly shale and mudstone beds and sandy pebbly beds occupy the easteards of the Volta Lake and takes about a quarter of the constituency. The Togo series consisting of quartzites, phyllites, sandstone, shale, schist and sillicted. limestone is on the eastern border forming the Buem - Togo ranges. The Buem - Volcanic formation consisting of Basaltic, Andesitic and Trachytic lava occupies about two-thirds of the constituency. These geographic formations are underlying the types of soils in the constituency. The first group of soils are the laterite integrates found in the savanna - woodland zone of the constituency.

The second group of soils are the forest Ochrosols and Oxysols found in the forest zone of the constituency. These soils support variety of crops including yam, cassava, maize, groundnut, cowpea, and sorghum. Rice production is also side spread in the constituency. There is sufficient justification for mineral exploration in the constituency. For instance geological reasoning and examination of analogous mineral deposits in the Republic of Togo, such as marble in Togo formations and phosphate in Voltarian rocks should alone warrant a series search for such deposits in similar geological formations in the constituency. There are also clay deposits in the constituency especially in Chaiso and its surrounding area, which is suitable for building material and the pottery industry.

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