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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Central Tongu

Region: Volta Region
Member of Paliament: Gidisu, Kwashie Joe

 Cultural Heritage And Customs

People and Culture
The people of the central Tongu constituency are mainly Ewe speaking people organized under traditional authorities. The main source of inheritance in the area is partrilineal. The constituency is organized into eight (8) traditional areas and the traditional authorities play a major role in fostering the development of the area by supporting the District Assembly in the areas of revenue mobilization and the mobilization of human resources during communal labour.
 
Among the festivals celebrated in the area is the Afenorto by the people of Mepe, which serves as a unifying instrument to mobilize resources for development.
 
In the area of religion, the people of the constituency are mostly Christians (70%), there some practitioners of African Traditional religion (25%) and some Muslims (5%). 
 
Investment And Business Potential
Agriculture is the leading sector in the constituency’s economy, although it is still dominated by small-scale unorganised farmers who depend mainly on simple, labour-intensive production techniques. This creates opportunities for nucleus agricultural sector investor who could use the constituency’s farmers as outgrowers, raising their productivity and ultimately reaping handsome profits.
 
The major crops cultivated are maize, cassava, groundnuts, cowpea, sugar cane, vegetables oil palm, rice and mangoes. The newly introduced idea of sunflower cultivation has been accepted in the constituency with all seriousness and is expected to become a major source of income to farmers and foreign currency revenues for exporters, since demand is very high abroad.
 
There are immense industrial opportunities across the constituency, especially for enterprises which may require large parcels of land, as the constituency controls large tracts of land which can be acquired with ease. A vast stretch of the Volta River downstream passes through the constituency and this can be exploited for industrial purposes too. The constituency also has large clay deposits capable of supporting bricks, tiles, pottery and ceramic industries. The demand for such products is very high, both in the central Tongu constituency and the neighbouring constituencies.
 
Importantly, the constituency’s location is vey strategic in the sense that it has proximity to both Accra, the national capital, and Ho, the regional capital, which assures investors of easy access to the administrative and regulatory centres, as well as the vibrant urban markets.
 
Tourism Attractions
Though the constituency abounds in tourism potential, especially in the areas of leisure tourism and eco-tourism for those who want to be closer to nature, most of these potential is still undeveloped. The potential includes quite a lengthy stretch of the Volta River with relatively steep banks suitable for the location of lakeside motels and hotels, Trokosi Shrines, a colonial guest house built with stones which served as the official guest-house in the area for Ghana’s first president, Ostrich Farms and Hatchery, extensive low lying plains interspersed with large rock outcrops, which are a delight to watch.
 
In addition, Agbadza, Atokoe, Awuna and Gadzo traditional dance forms exist in the constituency, which visitors (or tourists) could be treated to. Even more attractive is the fact that some of these dance forms are performed by all-women groups. Most of these tourist attractions are still in their raw state and require some amount of development. Both Ghanaian and foreign investors are therefore invited to assist.
 
In fact, Adidome, the constituency capital, located within a very natural environment over- looking the Volta River and free from the hustle and bustle of city life, is an ideal place for anyone who wants a change of environment.
 
Location & Size:
Size:1,460 square kilometres
 
Location
The central Tongu constituency, which was curved out of the former Tongu District Council in 1989 by Legislative Instrument (L1.15) lies within latitudes 5047°N to 60°N and longitude 005° E to 0045
 
Topology & Drainage
 
Topography
The topography of the constituency is gentle, ranging from near sea level to about 18 meters (60 feet) above sea level, with slopes less than 5 per cent. The areas near the Volta River are at a higher elevation, falling gradually backwards and rising again into the Adaklu Hills.
 
Drainage
The constituency is drained by the Alabo, Kolo, Aklakpa, Gblor, and Nyifla streams and their numerous tributaries into the Volta River, which runs North – South through the constituency. The Todze and its western tributaries drain the eastern part of the constituency into the Avu lagoon. In the rainy season, these streams overflow their banks, causing damage to roads and farms. Channeling, diversion, basin clearing or other means of correction could re-drain large areas of agricultural lands and boost agricultural production.
 
Climate & Vegetation
 
Climate
The climate of the constituency is Tropical, greatly influenced by the South – West Monosoons from the south Atlantic and the dry Harmattan winds from the Sahara. There are two rainy seasons, the major one from mid – April to early July and the minor from September to November. The average annual rainfall varies from 900mm to 1100mm with more than 50 per cent of it falling in the major season. Rainfall generally is inadequate even during the major season, which adversely affects both crop and cattle production in the constituency.
 
Vegetation
The constituency lies within the tropical savannah grassland zone. The vegetation is dense along the Volta River and along the stream basins. This is basically due to the presence of more fertile soils and better subsoil moisture.
 
This vegetation consists of mangoes, oil palms, baobab, silk cotton, acacia etc. Farther from the river the vegetation in sparse, predominantly grassland, interspersed with neem trees and guinea grass, digitaria decumbent and fan palms, which dot the Mafi Kumase and Agohome – Avetakpo areas. The latter are used extensively as timber for housing purposes in the constituency.
 
Geology & Soil
 
Soil
There are dominantly medium to moderately coarse textured alluvial soils along the Volta River. Below these are the heavier clay soils that characterize most parts of the District, leading to poor surface and sub-surface drainage, making road development difficult.
 
These soils are also very difficult to cultivate because they have low water holding capacity. They are also shallow (low effective rooting depth). They are however, suitable for rice and sugarcane cultivation under irrigation. They form the raw material for pottery, brick and tile industries.

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